Annual Report on the Japanese

Economy and Public Finance

2003-2004

- No Gains Without Reforms IV -

July 2004

Cabinet Office

Government of Japan


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Reference Materials

Chapter 1

   Section 1
   International Department, Bank of Japan (2004), "Japan's Balance of Payments for 2003," Bank of Japan Research Papers. (March 2004 issue)

   Section 2
   Nishizaki, Kenji and Sugo, Tomohiro (2001), "Observation on Labour Distribution Rate in Our Country," Research and Statistics Department, Bank of Japan, Working Paper 01-8.
   Hattori, Ryota and Maeda, Eiji (2000), "The Japanese Employment System," Bank of Japan Research Papers, January 2000, Bank of Japan.

   Section 3
   Kato, Hiromi, Fujiwara, Hiroyuki and Fujimoto, Kazutaka (2003) "The Disposal of Non-Performing Loans and its Influence on the Bankruptcy and Employment," Economic and Fiscal Policy Analysis Discussion Paper DP03-3, Cabinet Office.
   Kuroda, Sachiko (2002), "Analysis of Changes in Japan's Unemployment Rate Using Flow Data," IMES Discussion Paper Series No.2002-J-21, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan.
   Genda, Yuji (2000), "Are Parasite Singles Real?" Economics & Policy (Spring issue 2000), Toyo Keizai Shinpo-sha.
   Genda, Yuji and Kondo, Ayako (2003), "Review of Structural Unemployment," ESRI Discussion Paper No.53, Economic and Social Research Institute, Cabinet Office.
   Cabinet Office (2003), "White Paper on the National Lifestyle Fiscal Year 2003."
   Hamori, Shigeyuki (2000), "Econometrics," Chuokeizai-sha.
   Groshen, E. L. and S. Potter (2003), "Has Structural Change Contributed to a Jobless Recovery?" Current Issues in Economics and Finance, August 2003, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

   Section 4
   Shiratsuka, Shigenori (2001), "What is the Desirable Rate of Increase in Prices?: A Survey of the Empirical and Theoretical Arguments on Price Stabilization," Financial Research, (January 2001).
   Akerlof, G., W. Dickens and G. Perry (1996), "The Macroeconomics of Low Inflation," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 1, 1-59.
   Akerlof, G., W. Dickens and G. Perry (2000), "Near-rational Wage and Price Setting and the Long-run Phillips Curve," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 1, 1-60.
   Ball, L., G. Mankiw and D. Romer (1988), "The New Keynesian Economics and the Output/Inflation Trade-off," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity 1, 1-65.
   Clarida, R., Gali, J. Gertler, M. (1998), "Monetary Policy Rules in Practice Some International Evidence," European Economic Review 42, 1033-1067.
   Erceg et al. (2002), "Preventing Deflation: Lessons from Japan's Experience in the 1990s," Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System International Finance Discussion Papers 729.
   IMF (2003b), "The Zero-Interest-Rate Floor and its Implications for Monetary Policy in Japan," Hunt, B. and D. Laxton, Japan's Lost Decade, IMF.
   OECD (2001), "A small Global Forecasting Model," D. Rae and D. Turner, Economics Department, Working Paper No. 286, OECD.
   Shiratsuka, S. (1999), "Measurement Errors in Japanese Consumer Price Index," Monetary and Economic Studies, 17(3), IMES, Bank of Japan, 1999.

   Section 5
   Omura, Keiichi, Mizukami, Shinji and Takahashi, Ikuri. (2002), "Soundness of the Japanese Financial Intermediary System - Principal Component Analysis Using Financial Index," Economic and Fiscal Policy Analysis Discussion Paper DP/02-2, Cabinet Office.
   Research and Statistics Department, Bank of Japan (2002), "Guide to Japan's Flow of Funds Accounts." (January 2002)
   Research and Statistics Department, Bank of Japan (2003), "Guide to Money Supply Statistics." (October 2003)
   IMF (2003a), "Deflation: Determinants, Risks, and Policy Options - Findings of an Interdepartmental Task Force," Kenneth Rogoff, IMF, April 30, 2003.
   OECD (2002), "Fiscal Sustainability: the Contribution of Fiscal Rules," OECD Economic Outlook 72, 2002.
   OECD (2004), "Enhancing the Cost Effectiveness of Public Spending: Experience in OECD Countries," I. Jourmard, P.M. Kongsrud, Y. Nam and R. Price, Economics Department, Working Paper No.380, OECD.
Columns
   IMF (2003), "Deflation: Determinants, Risks, and Policy Options - Findings of an Interdepartmental Task Force."

Chapter 2

   Section 1
   Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (2001), "Inter-regional Input-Output Table."
   Cabinet Office, "Regional Economic Trends," Quarterly version.
   Cabinet Office, "Regional Economic Report," Annual version.
   Cabinet Office (2001), "Economy Watchers Survey."

   Section 2
   Higuchi, Yoshio (2004), "The Growing Number of Youth Settling Down in Their Local Communities Lies Behind Rising Unemployment Rate." Diamond Weekly. (20 March issue 2004)
   OECD (2003), "Identifying the Determinants of Regional Performances," Working Party on Territorial Indicators, June 2003.

   Section 3
   Ozawa, Kenichi (1992), "The Economic Analysis of Tourism," Bunka Shobo Hakubunsha.
   Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport (2003), "White Paper on Tourism 2003."
   National Institute for Research Advancement (2003), "Research on the Introduction of the NPM (New Public Management) Approach into Local Governments."
   Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (2004), "The State of the Implementation of Outsourcing of Services in Municipalities."
   Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (2002), "The State of Local Public Finance 2002."
   Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (2004), "The State of Local Public Finance 2004."
   Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (2003), "The State of Implementation of Administrative Evaluation in Local Governments and Future Developments: FY2002 Report of Research Group on Administrative Evaluation in Local Governments."
   Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (2003), "Report by Research Group on Comprehensive Financial Analysis of Local Governments."
   Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (2003), "The State of Creation of Balance Sheets, etc. in Local Governments."
   Cabinet Office (2004), "Approval of Special Zones for Structural Reform."
   Cabinet Office (2004), "Questionnaire on PFI for Local Governments."
   Cabinet Office (2004), "Annual Report on National Accounts of 2004."
   Nishimura, Yukio (2004), "Promoting Highly Sensitive Urban Design," Nihon Keizai Shimbun (5 May).
   Nikkei Research Institute of Industry and Markets (2003), "Administrative Comparisons of National Municipalities (Degree of Administrative Reform and Administrative Services) FY 2002 Survey Data Collection."
   Nikkei Research Institute of Industry and Markets (2003), "National Rankings for Services for Residents 2003-2004."
   OECD (1994), "Tourism Strategies and Rural Development."

Chapter 3

   Section 1
   Milanovic, B. (2002), "Can We Discern the Effect of Globalization on Income Distribution?" World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2876.

   Section 2
   Ito, Keiko and Fukao, Kyoji (2003), "Foreign Direct Investment in Japan: Empirical Analysis based on Micro Survey Data from Office and Statistical Survey," in Iwata, Kazuma ed., "Japan's Trade Policy and WTO," Nihon Keizai Shimbunsha.
   Kosai,Yutaka, Suzuki, Reiko and Ito, Yukiko (1998), "The Influence of Trade on Employment and Wages, "JCER Discussion Paper No.51, Japan Center for Economic Research.
   Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (2003), "Analysis of Labour Economy, FY 2003."
   Sakurai, Kojiro (2002), "Trade and Employment - The Influence of Globalization on Industries and Regions," "Research Report" (November issue, 2002) Vol. 23-1, Research Institute of Capital Formation, Development Bank of Japan.
   Sazanami, Yoko, Urata, Shujiro and Kawai, Hiroki (1996), "Measuring the Cost of Protection" Toyo Keizai Shinpo-sha.
   Higuchi, Yoshio (2001), "Economics of Employment and Unemployment," Tokyo: Nihon Keizai Shimbunsha.
   Higuchi, Yoshio and Policy Research Institute, Ministry of Finance (2003), "Japan's Income Disparities and Social Class," Nihon Hyoronsha.
   Fukao, Kyoji and Murakami, Yukako. (2003), "Outward and Inward Foreign Direct Investment and Japan's Manufacturing Industry: Empirical Analysis Based on Firm-Level Data." ESRI Discussion Paper Series #68, Economic and Social Research Institute, Cabinet Office.
   Frster, M., and M. Pearson (2002), "Income Distribution and Poverty in the OECD Area: Trends and Driving Forces," OECD Economic Studies No.34.
   Slaughter, M. J., and P. Swagel (1997), "Does Globalization Lower Wages and Export Jobs?" IMF Economic Issues No.11.

   Section 3
   Asakawa, Masatsugu (January 2004), "On the Signing of the New Japan-US Income Tax Convention." Finance, Vol. 458, Ministry of Finance.
   Urata, Shujiro ed. (2002), "Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Guidebook," Japan External Trade Organization (JETRO).
   Urata, Shujiro and Japan Center for Economic Research ed. (2002), "Japan's FTA Strategies," Nihon Keizai Shimbunsha.
   Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (2001), "White Paper on International Trade and Economy 2001."
   Kawasaki, Kenichi (1999), "Application of the Computable General Equilibrium Model: Simulation Analysis on Trade Liberalization and Regulatory Reform," Nihon Hyoronsha.
   Tsutsumi, Masahiko and Kiyota, Kozo (2002), "Effects of Free Trade Agreements that Envelop Japan: Analysis through the CGE Model," JCER Discussion Paper No.74, Japan Center for Economic Research.
   Kawasaki, Kenichi (2003), "The Impact of Free Trade Agreements in Asia" RIETI Discussion Paper Series 03-E-018.
   Itakura, Ken, Thomas W. Hertel and Jeffrey J.Reimer, "The Contribution of Productivity Linkages to the General Equilibrium Analysis of Free Trade Agreements,"GTAP Working Paper No.23.

   Section 4
   Iguchi, Yasushi (2001), "New Age of Foreign Workers," Chikuma Shobo.
   Ihori, Toshihiro (2003), "Economic Theory of Taxation," Iwanami Shoten.
   Iwata, Kazumasa ed. (2003), "Japan's Trade policy and the WTO," Nihon Keizai Shimbunsha.
   Shogenji, Shinichi (1998), "Economic Analysis of Modern Agricultural Policy," University of Tokyo Press.
   Study Group on Employment Issues for Foreigners (2002), "Study Group Report on Employment Issues for Foreigners."
   Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (2001), "White Paper on International Economy and Trade 2001."
   Koezuka, Takashi (2001), "The Creation of Categories in International Cooperation in the Area of Competitive Policies," "Fair Trade" Issue No.609, The Japan Fair Trade Commission.
   Foreign Workers' Affairs Division, Employment Security Bureau, Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (2003), "Status and Measures of Foreign Workers in Foreign Countries (Revised)."
   Japan Investment Council (2003), "Promotion of Foreign Direct Investment into Japan."
   Japan Investment Council Expert Committee Meeting (2003), "Making Japan an Attractive Country for Global Companies."
   Japan Investment Council Expert Committee Meeting (2004), "The Program for the Promotion of Foreign Direct Investment into Japan and Implementation Status."
   Takigawa, Toshiaki (2003), "Antimonopoly Law and Competition Policies of Japan, the U.S. and the E.U. (2nd edition.)," Seirin Shoten.
   Economic and Social Research Institute, Cabinet Office (2004), "Annual Survey of Corporate Behaviour 2003 - Dynamism of Japanese Enterprises under Structural Reform."
   Nippon Keidanren (Japan Business Federation) (2004), "Recommendations on Accepting Non-Japanese Workers."
   Hayami, Yujiro and Godo, Yoshihisa (2002), "Agricultural Economics," Iwanami Shoten.
   Fukao, Kyoji and Amano, Tomofumi (2004), "Foreign Direct Investment and the Japanese Economy," Nippon Keizai Shimbun-sha.
   Ministry of Justice (2003), "Immigration Control 2003."
   Elmeskov, J., Martin, J. and Scarpetta, S. (1998), "Key Lessons for Labour Market Reforms: Evidence from OECD Countries' Experiences," Swedish Economic Policy Review 5.
   Golub, S. S.(2003), "Measures of Restrictions on Inward Foreign Direct Investment for OECD Countries," OECD Economics Department Working Papers No.357.
   Morisset, J. and Pirnia, N. (2002) "How Tax Policy and Incentives Affect Foreign Direct Investment: A Review," The World Bank Working Paper No.2509.
   Markusen, J., "The Boundaries of Multinational Enterprises and the Theory of International Trade," Journal of Economic Perspectives, Spring 1995.
   OECD (2004) ,"Trends in International Migration: SOPEMI 2003 Edition."
   Yoo, Kwang-Yeol (2003), "Corporate Taxation of Foreign Direct Investment Income 1991-2001," OECD Economics Department Working Papers No. 365.

   All Sections of Chapter 3
   Ito, Motoshige (2003), "Essence of the Global Economy," Diamond, Inc.
   Economic Planning Agency (1997), "The Post-War Path of the Japanese Economy - 50 Years of History of the Economic Planning Agency."
   Jagdish, Bhagwati (2004), "Free Trade Today," translated by Yukinobu Kitamura and Miki Seno, Diamond, Inc.
   Yamazaki, Masakazu (2003), "Homo sociabilis," Chuokoron-Shinsha.
   The World Bank (2002), "Globalization, Growth, and Poverty," A World Bank Policy Research Report.


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